Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in the non-income dimensions of human development, ranking as the 11th best performer in the world and 1st in Africa, according to the annual global Human Development Index (HDI) Report, which measures progress in health, education, income, gender equality and other areas.

Compiled by the UN Development Programme (UNDP), Ethiopia was singled out for the remarkable progress it made in health care and education. The report said that “primary school enrolment in Ethiopia rose from 33% in 1991 to 95% in 2007, astounding for a country with a per capita income of less than $1,000. Since 1990, Ethiopia has the 14th highest rate of progress in improving health and education and the 11th fastest upward move overall.” This came about from 1991 when the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front overthrew the Marxist government. “The new government focused on ethnic federalism and socioeconomic development to consolidate its base of support. Education became a national priority in an effort to boost enrolment,” the report said.

This year’s report, its 20th anniversary edition since its inception in 1990, introduced three new indices to measure countries’ status of wellbeing. It covered data for 169 countries for which complete data is available for the past 40 years.

Last Updated (Wednesday, 15 December 2010 18:05)